When severe pain or joint damage limits your daily activities, a joint replacement may be your best option.
Surgery is usually the last line of treatment, when all other treatments – including physical therapy and medications – have not helped. Joint replacement surgery is a highly effective way of eliminating joint pain, correcting a deformity, and helping improve the your mobility and movement. Joint replacement surgery is also performed to treat advanced arthritis.
People who are considered for joint replacement surgery often have severe joint pain, stiffness, limping, muscle weakness, limited motion, and swelling. Depending on the joint that is affected and the amount of damage, patients may have trouble with ordinary activities such as walking, putting on socks and shoes, getting into and out of cars, and climbing stairs.
Total joint replacement is a surgical procedure in which parts of an arthritic or damaged joint are removed and replaced with a metal, plastic or ceramic device called a prosthesis. The prosthesis is designed to replicate the movement of a normal, healthy joint.
Hip and knee replacements are the most commonly performed joint replacements, but replacement surgery can be performed on other joints, as well, including the ankle, wrist, shoulder, and elbow.